Members of the genus are found worldwide and include the jungle cat (Felis chaus) of southeast Asia, European wildcat (F. This has been criticized as implausible, because the reward for such an effort may have been too little; cats generally do not carry out commands and although they do eat rodents, other species such as ferrets or terriers may be better at controlling these pests.The alternative idea is that cats were simply tolerated by people and gradually diverged from their wild relatives through natural selection, as they adapted to hunting the vermin found around humans in towns and villages. An alternative word with cognates in many languages is English 'puss' ('pussycat').The semiferal cat, a mostly outdoor cat, is not owned by any one individual, but is generally friendly to people and may be fed by several households.Feral cats are associated with human habitation areas and may be fed by people or forage for food, but are typically wary of human interaction.and include lions, tigers, cougars and many others. Two main theories are given about how cats were domesticated.Within this family, domestic cats (Felis catus) are part of the genus Felis, which is a group of small cats containing about seven species (depending upon classification scheme). In one, people deliberately tamed cats in a process of artificial selection as they were useful predators of vermin.The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have simply arisen from a sound used to attract a cat.A pedigreed cat is one whose ancestry is recorded by a cat fancier organization.
The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassial pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently shears meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors.Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy.Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by neutering, as well as the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, requiring population control.This keeps the claws sharp by preventing wear from contact with the ground and allows the silent stalking of prey.The claws on the fore feet are typically sharper than those on the hind feet.
These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats are largely incapable of mastication.