Trade blanket manufacturers refer to fringed blankets as shawls and non-fringed blankets as robes.
Racine ceased production in 1912, but continued in business selling blankets manufactured by other mills. Oregon City Woolen Mills – Oregon City, Oregon – Oregon City made some of the wildest patterns of all and produced from approximately 1905 until 1935.
Pendleton began producing Indian blankets again in 1947 but drastically reduced the numbers of patterns they produced.
ARE THE BLANKETS PEOPLE COLLECT FORMERLY OWNED BY INDIANS? The blanket companies began selling to non-Indians almost immediately and it is primarily these blankets that survive. If a blanket has retained its label dating is quite simple.
Exact dates of production are unknown, but 1915-1920 is likely. Pendleton Woolen Mills – Pendleton, Oregon – Their first Indian blanket rolled off the looms in 1896 and they’re still at it!
INSTANT EXPERT TIP: Pendleton blankets with round corners like the magnificent backgammon pattern example pictured on this page were made between 18.
Over the years Pendleton’s primary Indian blanket lines have been Pendleton, Beaver State, Cayuse and Blackfoot.
The latter two were budget labels and used remanufactured wool as opposed to the virgin wool used in the Pendleton and Beaver State lines.
All Pendletons made after 1908 have square corners. Serious vintage blanket collectors seek pre-1942 blankets.
In 1942 all mills were converted to war use and no Indian blankets were made for the duration of the hostilities.